We meet in a pub, we have a few drinks, some dinner and then you lean in for a kiss. You predict, based on our previous interactions, that the kiss will be reciprocated – rather than landing you with a slap in the face.
All our social interactions require us to anticipate another person’s undecided intentions and actions. Now,researchers have discovered specific brain cells that allow monkeys to do this. It is likely that the cells do the same job in humans.
Keren Haroush and Ziv Williams at Harvard Medical School trained monkeys to play a version of the prisoner’s dilemma, a game used to study cooperation. The monkeys sat next to each other and decided whether or not they wanted to cooperate with their companion, by moving a joystick to pick either option. Moving the joystick towards an orange circle meant cooperate, a blue triangle meant “not this time”.